This article inspired from my teachers (read Prof Nandy and Prof Raldi) in Research Design
Before we make a paper especially journal, the first is we know about state of the art from our topic, don’t make same main of our research with other research. For example every university in the world have doctor program, and their student must make research that approve at international journal, so if you aren’t lucky your idea had been researched with others student. For explore your idea, you can find in website of international journal, such as sciencedirect.com (popular journal), asmedl.com, springer.com,scopus.com. it isn’t free if your university didn’t costumer in website, so you must pay 15$ every once journal. I have a recommended website to find some article, ocw.mit.edu/course/. Contents of common journal are Abstract, Introduction, Review (literature), Methodology, Result, Discussion and Conclusion, Acknowledgement (funding derived), References. My suggestion is find a journal for review at 5 years ago. Every time is change include research. the other important is how to get funding for our research, if you student, can follow your teachers project, maybe you can help to make a research proposal.
If you cite the other research in you review, you must write the author (from journal too), form example “helmi et. al. 2011”. et al is used if group author in a journal. just “helmi 2011” if one person who make a journal. The key of journal is THE THRUST that we can get it with review and methodology.
In philosophy, thesis is statement, so we need data to get fact as object that can measurement (for engineering and science). various of parameter such as temperature, pressure, flowrate, humidity, light intents, velocity, vibration etc. So we need some tools for get a data, maybe thermocouple that use Seeback effect from material, pressure gauge, piezoelectric. Conclusion must answer the aim of our journal (specific purpose such as quantity).
Strong Background, i agree with this statement to start our research. if we make paper, i suggest to find problem in society, not general but specific although our ideas can’t solve the root of problem. Coz we stay, live and life in development country, so no purpose if we get idea but can develop in our country, so benefit in other country can use our idea, beside goal in international journal.